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Giddha – Folk Dance of Punjab


Women Performing Giddha (Source: PBS)

Women Performing Giddha (Source: PBS)

The unique folk dances of India need no formal introduction as they are famous all over the world for more than one reason. Almost every Indian state has its own folk dance that depicts its abundant culture and is part of its traditions. Punjab also known as the land of rivers has Giddha as one of its folk dances which is performed by the ladies. This dance like any other Punjabi dance displays the jovial nature of the Punjabi folks. The roots of Giddha are deep in Punjab’s history as it has been around for a very long time.


Origin and history

The legend has it that Giddha originated from the ancient ring dance that was quite dominant in Punjab. The energy levels in Giddha are the same as that in Bhangra which is performed by men in Punjab. Giddha is performed only by the ladies and hence the viewers get to watch the feminine grace that the female dancers bring to the performance. The ring dance from which Giddha has taken inspiration was usually performed at social occasions by the women and Giddha too is quite popular at most joyous occasions held in Punjab.


For proper execution of any folk dance it is very important to don proper costumes and accessories as these things are as important as the steps involved in the dance. Now that you know about the origin of Giddha let’s move on to the part where you find out about the vibrant costumes and jewelry worn by the women participants of the dance. Elegance is one of the many features that define Giddha and the costume for this dance is very simple. In fact you will find the women living in rural Punjab wearing the dress almost every day.

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The only major difference you will observe in the everyday clothes and Giddha costume is that the latter is much more vibrant and is teamed up with heavy jewelry. If you break down the whole costume of Giddha then the dress includes the salwar kameez and dupatta. Salwar is primarily baggy pants and the kameez is the colorful shirt worn on the upper body. The dupatta is much like the stole that is matched with the salwar and kameez. The salwar kameez is generally quite vibrant in color and is decorated with heavy work and embroidery.

Women Performing Giddha (Source: tribuneindia.com)

Women Performing Giddha (Source: tribuneindia.com)

Mostly the women performing the Giddha choose to wear the salwar kameez but there are occasions when they also don lehenga choli which is a long skirt with a blouse and a dupatta. Now coming to the accessories that are worn with the dress, without these the whole costume of Giddha is truly incomplete. To begin with there is tikka which is for the forehead, jhumkas or earrings for the ears, raani haar or a long neck piece of pure gold for the neck, anklets or payal for the ankles and baazu band which are for the upper arm. The jewelry also includes the matching bangles and the nose ring. Women also wear the paranda also known by the name of braid tassel. The paranda is the vital part of a Giddha costume and cannot be missed by any chance.

Besides the costume and the jewelry, the music used for the dance also plays a vital role in defining the uniqueness of the dance. Usually there are no instruments involved apart from a dhol which extends the rhythm required for Giddha. Mostly the participants of the dance prefer clapping as a source of rhythm.


There are no notable innovations that have taken place in the steps or performance of Giddha dance. It began as a joyful dance and it still is known as a lively, energetic dance form which is performed with grace and elegance by charming Punjabi women.

Women Performing Giddha Dance

Women Performing Giddha Dance (Source: paahun.blogspot.in)

Global influence

The popularity of Giddha is not restricted to Punjab or even India as it has spread its glory across the globe. Places such as London, Edmonton, Los Angeles, San Francisco and Vancouver are definitely not alien to this folk dance and this dance is also very popular in Pakistan.

Interesting facts and comparisons

  • Mimicry is quite popular when it comes to Giddha and this dance depicts the scenes from the routine life of village women from Punjab.
  • The Giddha songs are popularly addressed as bolis and these bolis are sung by the performers of the dance.
  • Giddha is generally performed in complete harmony and it is known for its energetic and vigorous nature.


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